The symbolism of the coat of arms of Altieri

Weapon (or weapons) – Synonymous with crest and coat of arms, the arms is the sum total of those figures, patches, enamels, partitions, exterior ornaments, depicted according to certain rules, which are used to mark people, families, civil and ecclesiastical authorities . The term is derived by armor that knights wore in the Middle Ages and on which effigiavano their coats of arms, which are painted on the shields and embroidered on the outer garment and the trappings of their horses. The term weapon emblem speaker or the speaker, in heraldry indicates a coat of arms that shows which primary subject objects, animals, people or attributes which refer explicitly to the surname or the noble family which it refers.
Blazon – E ‘describe the weapons according to the principles of heraldry, indicating the colors and positions of the pieces of heraldry. To blazon weapon you start to mention the color of the field of the shield, then you go to the main figures describing the enamel, their position and their number, then the secondary.
Crest – is called crest any figure atop the helmet and that served to shelter the blows and embellishment together. The crest was already in use in the Middle Ages and perhaps was adopted along with the helmet, or shortly after, being an important ornament it.
Its origin dates back to the ancient use of warriors to defend the head with remains of wild animals (lions, bears, wolves, dragons etc.) In order to frighten the enemy and appear more impressive in the fray. In the Middle Ages, with the cavalry, the use spread to the point that many riders were attributed nicknames derived from their crest (eg. Knight griffin, lion, swan) that became hereditary. Many crests reproduced the figures painted on the emblem (in whole or in part), several other figures: plumes, horns, hats, animals (whole, outgoing, in profile, in majesty), human body or parts of it, fantastic figures (including gods and angels), natural and artificial, and were built with different materials: leather, parchment, painted cardboard and painted resistant to rain, but also iron and steel. The crests are depicted on the shields from the 13th century. and spread between the 14th and 15th century. becoming mark of ancient nobility.
Corona – The crown indicates the degree of nobility and stands isolated over the shield or on top of the helmet. The crown prince is normal topped eight acanthus leaves or rosettes of gold (five visible) incurred by alternating peaks and eight pearls (four visible). However tolerated wreaths Prince who do not have the rosettes alternating with pearls or are nubby of a pearl or pearls that have incurred by or tips that are closed with velvet mantle, like a touch or not surmounted by a cross of gold or a gold bow made with a brush. Finally families decorated the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire can bring the special berettone of this dignity. The crown of the Duke is surrounded by eight rosettes of gold (five visible), supported by the tips. The crown normal diMarchese is sheared by four fioroni gold (three visible), supported by alternating peaks and twelve pearls arranged in threes in four pyramidal groups (two visible). The crown of normal Conte is sheared by sixteen pearls (nine visible); are tolerated crowns with pearls incurred by spikes or pricked by four large pearls (three visible). The crown of normal Barone has agreed to cover the circle by a string of pearls with six laps band (three visible); are tolerated crowns without tortiglio, pricked by twelve pearls (seven visible). The crown of Nobile is sheared eight pearls (five visible) tolerated the crown with pearls supported by as many tips. The crown of normal hereditary Knight is sheared by four pearls (three visible).

Elmo – Located in heraldry as a reminder of the Cavalry and Company military. The helmet is placed above the shield of arms and according to its structure and location indicates the degree of nobility of the owner of the shield. The helmets are made of steel, gold for the Royal Family, silver for the noble families, browned for families of citizenship (ie those families who, without being noble, are entitled to bring a coat of arms). The title of Noble or nobleman is an autonomously governed by the Heraldic differently with regard to the different degrees of transmissibility. This titling is recognized in law to those who have obtained through an act of concession. It represents the first step of the ascent of nobility and was conferred by virtue of special merit achieved for works done in favor of the Fatherland. The noble class was quite distinct from that bourgeois and could boast their home with the emblem of the family. For nobility means privileged status and recognized by those depicted by the beneficiaries of such reference. They represent the ruling class which has legal status, materializing the superiority inheriting such a privilege. Governments based on hierarchical principles are called noble aristocratic governments. The grant of a title of nobility is embodied in overt recognition, against the lessor, of particular merit moral or social. Titles of nobility, during the course of the centuries, have undergone a marked geographical differentiation attributable to historical events in each country. Just think of the title of marquis, diffusoli only after the sixteenth century basatosi on the French model. Some titles of nobility instead have fallen into disuse, such as the title of Lords replaced by the baronial title, which spread geographically, especially in Spain and the Italian islands, Sardinia and Sicily.

Laion – Fits nell’arme blazons rampant and not because it is his normal position. And ‘the most noble animal’s coat of arms. It is usually red and gold with his mouth open, tongue flapping, tail folded toward the back, and the head in profile. There are lions of silver, blue, black, gold, green, red, natural, etc. Symbolizes strength, size control, courage, magnanimity.

Oval – E ‘shield oval used in Italy more especially by the prelates and men of the robe of Cartocci encircling it. Feather – Whether goose, swan, raven, ostrich or other bird symbolizes the instrument used for writing (see. “Dictionnaire de commerce portatif – Tome QUATRIEME” 1770), usually used in the past by notaries, clerks and lawyers.

Prancing – It is said of the animal in the act of climbing, right on the left rear paw and profile. In this position the front right paw must be placed higher than the left. This is the normal position of the lion and then not blazons.
Shield – It ‘the ground on which you draw figures and heraldic pieces.
Stamp – All the ornament placed over the shield to mark the different degrees of nobility or dignity civil, military or ecclesiastical. It consists of: helmet, labrum, crown, crest, wall panels, hat, miter, pastoral, tiara; is part of the exterior ornamentation of a coat of arms.
Torre – It is usually round, nell’arme. And ‘generally mark of ancient nobility and conspicuous, since no one could make up from ancient times “tower-houses” or “fortress-houses” if it was not an illustrious and powerful family. In fact this type of fortified building was the home of prominent families who had the right (and of course the money) to get them to build or buy their own to defend themselves from enemy attacks. Some examples of tower-house or house-fortress:

Hatch – To be able to re-profile a coat of arms respecting the shapes, colors and glazes, we make use of works that show, in addition to blazon (heraldic description of the emblem), the graphical representation of the same to the hatch, or better yet, represented by the method “Pietrasanta”. Diconsi hatches, those lines or points that mark the glazes and colors in the prints, drawings and marble. It ‘difficult to specify the time when he became known for a found art heraldry so useful, since without introducing nell’arme figures or signs that could alter her configuration and distorting the accuracy, these hatches serve to distinguish the first look at the entire disposal of the glazes and colors of a weapon, and indeed, make it more elegant with their different shades. Most heraldists, I agree to report author Silvestro Pietrasanta, since he was the first and most famous treatise known who used hatches in his book “Tesserae gentilitiae” printed in the year 1638. To this day, all the crests to stretch themselves “represented by the method Pietrasanta”. Below hatches used:

SILVER: with gold is one of the two metals used in heraldry. In the arms drawn in black and white, it indicates leaving the field empty. In heraldry replaces white as brighter. Symbolizes purity, innocence, justice and friendship.
BLUE: is indicated with horizontal lines and, being the color of the sky is the glory, virtue and firmness incorruptible.
NATURAL: denoted by the letter C and is used to represent the true color of animals, flowers, fruits, trees, and other precious stones.
BLACK: is indicated by vertical and horizontal lines superimposed. Is pain, mourning the death of some illustrious personage of the family, or the dedication to the Prince to death.
GOLD: is the more noble metal. It indicates dotting the field of the shield or figures so colorful. It ‘a symbol of wealth, control, power.

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