Titles Noble in Heraldry


The title of Prince comes from the Roman princeps which meant the first of all. Therefore it was given to the Kings; these passed their first-born and the successors to the throne. “Together with these characters in the foreground, the King had invested even more the title of prince, though less conspicuous, such as the great feudal lords of the Empire of Alemagna, which they named Princes of the Holy Roman Empire. So even in Italy where some large landowners had the princely title “(MISTRUZI OF FREISING, op. Cit. P. 112, note 31). As has the R.D. June 7, 1943, n. 652 (the last Regulations for the Heraldic Council of the Kingdom), as such, normally when a crown surmounted by eight acanthus leaves or rosettes of gold of which five visible, supported by alternating peaks and eight pearls of which four visible .


The title comes from the Duke of dux of the Romans, “which called as a captain of the army and gave the honor of the Duchy to those who had distinguished themselves in the militia. They were called duces the governors of the provinces. This use continued under the Lombards to the point that in the sixth century, the Kingdom of Italy was divided into thirty ducats and ruled by dukes thirty (…). Meanwhile, although the word Duke indicate this way of absolute sovereignty, this title was awarded to some of the most prominent feudal lords; so in Italy – as elsewhere – the title of Duke began to mean a vassal of rank “(MISTRUZI OF FREISING, op. cit., p. 112, note 32). The crown of normal Duke is sheared eight fioroni gold including five visible supported by tips.


The title of Marquis originates from the word or Brand Brands, German, which means border territory and the Lombards used this name to indicate precisely those who were in charge of governing a border province. “After the introduction of feudalism began to be called the Marquis certain feudal fiefs of which were on the borders of the state. In the course of time are not made more distinction, in feudal investitures, between the Marquis and accounts, although the Marquis considered hierarchically superior to the county, nor gambled more the situation of the proximity to the border “(MISTRUZI OF FREISING, op. Cit., P . 112, note 33). “With the passage of time, acquired the title of marquis a purely heraldic, were erected in marquisates some lands that were not at the border” (GUELFI CAMAIANI Piero, Dictionary of Heraldry, Manuals Hoepli, 1940, repr. Forni 1974, p. 357) . The crown due to the Marquis is sheared by four fioroni gold, three visible, supported by alternating peaks and twelve pearls arranged in threes in four pyramidal groups, two visible.


In the language of the feudal, the Count was the possessor of a fief to which was attached the corresponding honorific. For some, the word comes from the Latin, which in Byzantine times indicated the degree of an officer of the court or of a provincial governor; or comes as a companion of the king, sent by the latter to hold cities or territories with their armed. For others (MISTRUZI OF FREISING, op. Cit., P. 113, note 34) it is derived from the item counts or countes Norman indicating exactly a feudal lord. When the Count had to follow the imperial army, leaving others in place, so the title of Viscount back. The crown of normal Conte is sheared by sixteen pearls of which nine visible. The crown of normal Viscount is sheared by four large beads, three visible, supported by as many tips and alternating with four small pearls, two visible, or from two gold tips. The title of Count Palatine was given to “the high dignitary, Minister and sometimes relative of the King who had charge and title of Count and supervised to the supreme court of the kingdom; given that the judgments were held at the Palace of the King, this Count was to take the word of Count of the Palace or Palatine (…). Today it is recognized this title to the descendants of those who had to be emperors or popes, and not by their delegates, or by other Standards. All exclusions are in place for the descendants of those who had this personal capacity for membership in colleges or covered because pro tempore of an office (…). With the greatest nobility of February 21, 1915 to the Counts Palatine was given a crown formed the usual circle topped by nine pearls, three raised and lowered six “(GUELFI CAMAIANI P., op. Cit., Pp. 162 et seq.).


Even the word Baron indicated a feudal lord which was attached and that title meant Lord with jurisdiction. “In southern voice Baron was, in the overall sense, used to mean the entire body of the feudal lords of the kingdom, whatever the titles of which the feudal lords themselves were honored. It was then, there, qualification and title (…). Just in the nineteenth century Baron became noble title in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. How noble title was conferred with preference in Venezia Giulia and Tridentine, less in other regions of Italy “(MISTRUZI OF FREISING, op. Cit., P. 113, note 35). “We were the lords of the province which is not having feudal prerogatives got to be enfeoffed under this title of the lands they had in the benefit, and also those who had property or freehold franc, as in Sicily, where there were also feudal investiture on the exploitation of salt marshes, the traps, etc., which made a lot of decay this title “vice versa which originally was important; “In the thirteenth century was such an honor that was preferred to that of the prince. So Philip Count of Savoy noble baron and Prince (1269), High baron Robert Duke of Burgundy (1272) “(GUELFI CAMAIANI P., op. Cit., P. 75). It competes normally a crown formed by a circle saddled by a string of pearls with six laps in which three band visible.


The title of Noble arises in the lowest rung of the ladder of nobility and it is also awarded to any other title. It corresponds to a crown sheared eight pearls, five visible.


The title of Lord served to refer broadly to the owners of lands not subject to restrictions on feudal, especially in Sicily, was leaning on charges and other benefits. “In the Middle Ages, it gave to who was the holder of a feudal lordship is that this was an area that represented by a charge administrative: es. Lords of Justice, a title that was given to those who administered justice; in sec. XII was considered a top title, so that was not granted to vassals of the great nobles Feudatari; the title of Lord was therefore always used to indicate the person who exercised power or dominion (Lordship) on the other; (…) In Italian legislation the title of Lord appears only the Ordering nobility of 1929, which states that such security is recognized by the Royal Government, and was ignored by the previous regulations; a reason for that there is a crown on the official title of Lord gap detected by Guelfi Camaiani (Count Piero ed) whereby (op. cit., p. 494), however, should be attributed to this title widespread in Italy together with that of Consignore, a crown similar to that of Baron with fewer ornaments namely: a circle necked by a string of pearls in band (two are visible), the circle sheared by four big pearls (three visible) incurred by the circle or from tips; the scholar mentioned is necessary to confer the crown for the Lord exercised some functions baronial that these approached him, with regard to the position in the order of noble titles for the same reason stated above should immediately follow the title of Baron “(Mantonico SANTORO , in Riv. Ar., 1977 answer to the question in 1417). The second paragraph of art. 3 of R.D. 651 of 1943 provided for the possibility of obtaining recognition of this title when it derives from ancient concessions. It does not appear in the list instead of art. 3 title Consignore as consortium member in the feud, though officially recognized by the Heraldic, for example, the family Morosini San Stae, as reported by the Historical List of Italian Nobility published by the Order of Malta (the point: Mistruzzi OF FREISING , Treaty … cit., p. 209).


The title of transmissible Knight “was granted in some regions subject to Spain (Lombardy, Sardinia, Sicily) and Austria, both directly (Lombardo-Veneto, Venezia Giulia and Tridentine) or indirectly (Ducati of the Po Valley); it also belonged to ultrogeniti of titled families of Piedmont “(MISTRUZI OF FREISING, op. cit., p. 209). The crown of normal hereditary Knight is sheared by four pearls of which three visible.


The crown of normal Patrick is sheared eight pearls of which five visible, alternating eight fioroni down on the rim of which five visible. For ARNONE (Riv. Ar., 1946, p. 265), by contrast, would be four fioroni visible; for GUELFI CAMAIANI P. (op. cit., p. 207) awarded the patrician families “used and still use a crown similar to the old Marquis of less than twelve pearls that are replaced by four only”, being formed by four fioroni (three visible) alternating with as many pearls (two visible).

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