From the fifteenth century – From papal guards to defenders of Corsica and the French descent

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In the past there were many noble families who were sent on the island, mainly transmitted by the different Knightly Orders from major cities such as Genoa, Florence, Pisa, Rome and Naples. The same families then stanziavano the territory for the repopulation of the same, to boost the domestic economy and to restore some political and religious who had been gradually losing. Certainly Corsica at that time was not half to settle for doing business, those who are transferred in fact it was only because he had got a place of power as a political office or military or religious.

Another phenomenon which increased immigration of many families in Corsica was the “maona”. The maona, in fact, was a consortium of traders – sometimes a family – which was often used by Genoa, especially at the turn of the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, with government functions.

The Altieri in the Middle Ages belonged to the nobility, but not top-notch, the island of Corsica. They were members of the middle class who founded his wealth mainly on land ownership of houses and vineyards, preferably practiced municipal offices (were the City Fathers, who were responsible for the administration of justice, the election of their president said mayor and elected for each Pieve a corporal, a magistrate in charge of the protection and preservation of the poor people, which shall ensure that the most disadvantaged would suffer no abuse and that they had assured justice) or the professions of notaries, masters of maritime and rich merchants, had links with the lordships capocorsine era. Indeed Galiotto Altieri (n.1520) quondam Nicolao (n.1490) was called to give advice as an expert on legal issues, his son Padron Nicolao (n.1550) was called as an admirer and had business relations with Don Cristofaro Tagliacarne husband Maddalena Doria, daughter of Nicholas and Barbara Da Mare. The same Altieri acted as guarantors for those who asked for loans of money.

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In 1621 Padron Cruciano son Nicholas with his tartana transported and sold the wine that was produced by its vines while his descendants 19b95dba5e-Angelo MariaPadron Antonpaolo was Domenico and his son Antonio in 1760 used the Gondolas Ligure. In this period the wine produced in the Cape-Course was considered high quality. For this was sold also in Rome. As with Padron Todesco Altieri (Father of the City of Canari) who delivered on behalf of the Bishop of Nebbio, Msgr. James Ruscone, wine barrels to Cardinal Domenico Pinelli (Genoa 1541 – Rome 1611), a very important patron, man of arms (tied in Ravenna, navy commander papal) and for several times dean of the College of Cardinals.

Patron Angelo Maria, son of Nicholas, was married on 10th February 1620 with the aristocratic Adriana Lecha (Leca) of Antonfrancesco and Donna Luciana qm qm Matteo Antonio Mattei and Filipino), thus allying with one of the most powerful local Lordships.

In 1630, after yet another barbaric raid, the two brothers Altieri, Cruciano and Angelo Maria was Nicolao was Galiotto was Nicolao moved their old private chapel, decorated with the insignia of the family and dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Carmel, from the hamlet of Stazzona ( Barrettali) to the Church of St. Panteleimon, sold to two thousand pounds with a mandate to celebrate the harvest.

In 1666 Padron Domenico Altieri son Cruciano (member of the Brotherhood of the Holy Cross) and his family lived in the hamlet of Conchiglio, the following year together with the families of the deceased Lovico Altieri was Angelo Maria, as nobles, appear to be exempt from taxes as well as their descendants in 1726-1728. Domenico, thanks to the influence of his father’s son Giovan Battista (prior of the Convent of the Order of the Servants of Mary), was the first (at least in Corsica and according to the documents found to date) to be buried in a parish . Burial took place in the cemetery of Santissima Annunziata of Reverend Fathers de Servants of Conchiglio (old convent of friars MDG), as requested in his will dated November 25, 1671.

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In 1768, with the Treaty of Versailles, the Republic of Genoa offered Corsica as collateral for debts (approximately two million lire Genoese) to the king of France, Louis XV, who had sent their troops on the island in support Genoa against the Corsicans in revolt.

Genoa, already in bankruptcy, was never able to honor its debts and so France took the lead almost immediately the military to occupy permanently the entire island, which was conglobata since then and until the French Revolution, the “personal assets “the king of France.

The November 30, 1789 a decree proclaimed Corsica “an integral part of the French Empire.” The same year, the General Paoli went to Paris with the permission of the Constituent Assembly and was sent back to Corsica with the rank of general. Disgusted by the excesses of the French Revolution and accused of treason by the Convention, convened an assembly to the Court in 1793, with himself as president and is formally separated from France. In 1794, the notary Constantine, as Mayor, he participated as a member of the community of Barrettali the Advisory Council of the Court for the creation of the United Anglo-Course, which approved the action of the General Paoli and spoke out for the break with France . He adhered to the Constitution of the Kingdom of Corsica, which was the first written in Italian, which was approved by the General Council as a constitutional monarchy, with 12 titles and 75 articles. The United Anglo-course lasted only two years.

In 1788, the notary Constantine Altieri (1747-1825), was Donato, he restored the private chapel of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, founded in 1630 by Nicholas Padron and his children, located in the church of Saint Panteleimon.

Constantine was elected mayor of Barrettali in 1816. During the post of mayor denounced to the authorities Angelo Felice Mattei, said the “Giant”, for disturbing the peace. Relatives of Angelo Felice, later denounced Constantine for forgery. It seems that he bought for himself a mill and as notary, wrote and signed the deed of sale instead of the vendor who had been dead long ago. In 1820, as a result of this complaint and ascertained the facts, he was deposed from the office of mayor and he was denied the opportunity to practice as a notary. He was removed from each well and was finally banished from Corsica. He died a beggar in Livorno on June 23, 1825.

In March of 1817 Donato Altieri of Barrettali, was Constantine, had a severe nosebleed while in Marseille. After his recovery he commissioned a votive offering it to the chapel of his family (dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Carmel), built in the parish church of St. Pantaleon.

Louis Altieri (1890-1973) was an industrialist of Marseilles, one of the first promoters of tourism in Corsica, President of the Federation of Trade Unions of initiatives, founder and President of SHRM (Société Hôtelière et de Ravitaillement Maritime), Commander of the Legion of Honour and Knight of the Holy Sepulchre and the Maritime Merit, was also mayor of Barrettali 1935-1947.

LEGION OF HONOR FRENCH: François-Marie Altieri, banker (n. 1861 † 1944), Commander Louis Altieri, industrial (n.1890 † 1973), Knight Georges Altieri, Roger Knight Altieri (n. 1931 † in 2011 ), Knight François-Xavier Altieri (n.1842), Joseph-Marie Altieri (n.1876), François-Xavier Altieri-Leca (n.1897), Joseph-Marie Altieri-Leca (n.1902).

MAYORS of Barrettali: Carlo Francesco Altieri 1805-1806, Constantine Altieri (notary) from 1816 to 1820, François Marie Altieri (banker) from 1925 to 1935, Louis Altieri (industrial) 1935-1944.

NOTARIES: Donato (‘700) and his son Constantine (mayor of Barrettali).

PRIESTS: Brother Giovan Battista (MDGs) was Domenico in the former Convent of the Friars Servants of Mary, Father Dominic was Antonpaolo pastor and treasurer of the Parish of Saint Panteleimon.

ALLIANCES: Biaggi (XX c.), Calizi (XX c.), Germoni (XX c.), Jordan (XX c.), Leca (1620), Mattei (late sixteenth century.).

KIN: Philippart de Foy, Bertoleoni.


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